Solar Thermal KREDA has also issued solar green houses for production of vegetable during the winter season. KREDA was the first agency to introduce polycarbonated solar green house in Kargil which is now carried out by the Agriculture Department. In April 2010 the MNRE sanctioned the Ladakh Renewable Energy Initiative Scheme with the objective of mminimizing use of diesel / kerosene in Ladakh as much as possible and meet energy requirements of the region through renewable energy and use conservation techniques for housing and agriculture and improve livelihood. Solar Thermal Construction of Solar Green Houses (Commercial and Domestic type) was one of the various approaches taken by the ministry to meet its target. The ministry sanctioned 3000 nos. of Domestic Green Houses and 375 nos. of commercial green houses for KREDA with 60% support from MNRE in each scheme (the MNRE support at initial stage was only 50%). This is true that there is a great shortage of fresh vegetable and other daily items during winter season, as Kargil remains totally cut-off from rest of the subcontinent for winter six months. Since the benefit and impact of this scheme (Green House) is remarkable the demand from public for the system is rising day by day.

The Green houses constructed by Kargil Renewable Energy Development Agency (KREDA) have uplifted the poor community out of poverty to large extent. It is noticed that hundreds of families from Scheduled Tribe (ST) background and from Below Poverty Line (BPL) have been benefited and have become self-sufficient, in terms of food security during winter, from the Scheme. The Green Houses have raised the family income of the beneficiaries by 20 to 30 % by selling the vegetables. The income is generated during peak winter months when there is no other opportunity to earn a livelihood.

Solar Thermal Solar Thermal The DGH/CGH beneficiaries use to spend the earned money (profit) on their children's education. Thus the number of dropouts in schools is gradually coming down. Which is a metter of proud for whole the district.

The most active members of the DGH/CGH owners are the women folk. They use to sell the grown vegetables in market where there is social or public interaction which gives them confidence and also boost their skill in business. The impact of Green House on health is remarkable again. The green house supplies fresh and green vegetable to public during the peak winter months when each especially patients are desperate to even see a single green leaf. Availability of green and fresh leafy vegetable improves the health condition of the people. Consumers of the greenhouse vegetable are now gradually becoming aware and concerned that the food that they are purchasing and eating is healthy, free of hormones and pesticides, and has not travelled long distances to reach the table.

While doing our survey work, we met many people, in and around the main Kargil town, who have committed their hearts and energy to growing vegetables during the winter. They have tremendously maintained their green houses and have not only learnt growing vegetables in winter but have also dedicated their time to sharing what they have learned to others creating a network where people can share what they have been learning.

Thus, as a whole the Green House Scheme of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, GoI, has led to a consolidation and stabilization of the poor section of the community in Kargil, especially it has opened the door for more local employment and hope for ecological and economical uplift within the women folk.

Overall, solar thermal energy is a promising renewable energy source that has the potential to play a significant role in the transition to a more sustainable energy future. With ongoing advancements in technology and growing global support for renewable energy, solar thermal energy has the potential to become a key component of our energy infrastructure and help to reduce our reliance on fossil fuels.

Carbon Saving from SWHS:

Under LREI        
Solar WHS Installed Cumulative Capacity in Ltr 666000 6660  
Diesel Savings in L (Annually)   1239759 Litre
CO2 Savings (In Kg)   3099398 Kg
CO2 Savings (In Ton)   3099.398 tCO²
  Under Subsidy & Others      
Solar WHS Installed Cumulative Capacity in Ltr 597700 5977  
Diesel Savings in L (Annually)   1112619 Litre
CO2 Savings (In Kg)   2781546 Kg
CO2 Savings (In Ton)   2781.546 tCO²